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Dr Mastura Md Yusof
Clinical Oncologist
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Dr Mastura
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Dr Mastura Md Yusof
Clinical Oncologist
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Dr Mastura Md Yusof, Consultant Clinical Oncologist, Cancer Centre @ PHKL, Pantai Hospital Kuala Lumpur
Metro AHAD
28 August 2016


Cancer in General

Cancer is a general term used to describe abnormal or uncontrolled growth of cells. It can invade the adjacent tissues causing local symptoms like pain and loss of function. It can also metastasise, which means it can spread to other parts of the body through the blood stream or lymphatic. Most cancer types form a tumour, but some do not (e.g. Leukemia). The study, diagnosis, treatment and prevention of cancer fall under the discipline – Oncology, and attended to by an Oncologist.

The prognosis of cancer patients is most influenced by the type of cancer, its stage or the extent of the disease. Many cancers can be treated by surgery, radiotherapy or chemotherapy. It is quite often one or more of these modalities of treatment that can be used to treat cancer.

Your oncologist will be able to diagnose and suggest the most appropriate treatment options available as well as make necessary recommendations.

Signs & Symptoms of Cancer

Generally, the following symptoms could be considered as early signs of cancer:

  • A change in bowel or bladder habits
  • A sore that does not heal
  • Unusual bleeding or discharge from any place
  • A lump in the breast or other parts of the body
  • Chronic indigestion or difficulty in swallowing
  • Obvious changes in a wart or mole
  • Persistent coughing or hoarseness

The listed symptoms can also be signs of benign diseases. These symptoms may not necessarily suggest that cancer is present,but indicate signs that you should not ignore.

Management of Cancer

Surgery, radiation therapy or chemotherapy may be used alone or in combination to treat cancers. The treatment recommended by your doctors will depend on several factors such as age, general health condition, type of cancer, its severity and stage.

Cancer Statistics in Malaysia

Ten most frequent cancers among males Ten most frequent cancers among females
Colorectal Breast
Lung Colorectal
Nasopharyngeal Cervical Uteri
Prostate Ovary
Liver Thyroid Gland
Bladder Lung
Stomach Corpus Uteri
Lymphoma Stomach
Leukemia Brain
Brain Lymphoma
Source: Malaysia Cancer Statistic Data and Figures Peninsular Malaysia 2006