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Dr Mastura Md Yusof
Clinical Oncologist
Healthtoday
Healthy Living - Women Health
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Dr Mastura Md Yusof
Clinical Oncologist
Healthtoday
Cendol for the Soul
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Dr Mastura Md Yusof, Consultant Clinical Oncologist, Cancer Centre @ PHKL, Pantai Hospital Kuala Lumpur
Metro AHAD
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Dr Mastura Md Yusof, Consultant Clinical Oncologist, Cancer Centre @ PHKL, Pantai Hospital Kuala Lumpur

Star2.com
9 April 2016


Of late, there have been many news articles pertaining to cancer, the big C is no longer a taboo subject. This is a war we need to fight together to win.

The most common cancer affecting women worldwide and in Malaysia is breast cancer ......

Dr Mastura Md Yusof, Consultant Clinical Oncologist, Cancer Centre @ PHKL, Pantai Hospital Kuala Lumpur

Forum Let's Talk Cancer

The Star
12th January 2016

WHAT IS CANCER? > FIVE MOST COMMON CANCERS AFFECT MALAYSIAN > BREAST CANCER

Breast Cancer

Breast cancer is the most common cancer among Malaysian women and number one cause of cancer deaths in the country. According to the National Cancer Registry, breast cancer formed 31.1% of newly diagnosed cancer cases in women during the period 2003-2005. In many developed nations, the disease is prevalent among older women, but in Malaysia, the first and latest survey reveals that 52.3 percent of the cases of breast cancer are found among women below 50 years of age. Over one third of the cases are in the pre-menopausal group.

What is Breast Cancer

Breast cancer is made up of abnormal cells that grow without normal controls and invade normal breast tissue. In 80% of the cases, it occurs when breast cells that line the ducts undergo change and become malignant (cancerous). The tumor can possibly spread outside the breasts to the parts of the body (metastatic).

Types of Breast Cancer

  • Non-invasive Breast Cancer
    Ductal Carcinoma-ln-Situ or DCIS - is a precancerous condition that is confined to the ducts. Lobular Carcinoma-ln-Situor LCIS(lobules) - is a risk factor for invasive cancer.
  • Invasive Cancer
    This is a condition whereby the cancer spreads beyond the ducts or lobules to the surrounding tissues. It is generally treatable in the early stage when the tumor is relatively small and has not spread to the lymph nodes.
  • Metastatic Breast Cancer
    When cancer that may have originated in the breast area, spreads to the parts of the body, it is termed as Metastatic Breast Cancer. When cancer cells are detected in the lymph nodes under the arm, it is possible for the cancer spread to other lymph nodes and organs such as the bones, liver or lungs.

Who are at risk?

Simply being a woman presents one of the greatest risks, although there is a one per cent risk of breast cancer developing among men.

Age – the risk of developing breast cancer does increase with age. In fact, 70 per cent of breast cancer cases occur in women aged 50 and above.

Family history – women whose mother, sister or daughter may have developed breast cancer before the age of 50 could be at a higher risk. This risk is higher, if a woman has more than one immediate family member with breast cancer.

Personal history – women who have already been treated for cancer in one breast have an increased risk of developing cancer in the other.

Hormones – The risk of breast cancer is also found among women who have had early menstruation (before the age of 12) or late menopause (after the age of 55). Similarly, among those women who never had a full-term pregnancy or gave birth after the age of 30. This is due to the prolonged exposure of breast tissues to estrogen.

Lifestyles - a diet high in fat and low in fiber, obesity, excessive alcohol consumption, smoking can also increase the risk of breast cancer.